Eastern Washington at a Glance
In 2017, approximately one-third (28%) of residents were under the age of 20. More than half (57%) were between 20 and 64 years of age, and 15% were 65 or older.
The majority of residents was Non-Hispanic White. The second largest ethnic group was Hispanics, comprising approximately 22% of the population. Eight percent of the population was of other races.
Approximately 60% of residents, ages 25 and over, attained education beyond high school, with 34% earning a college degree. Twenty-seven percent (27%) of residents reported a high school diploma (or the equivalent) as their highest level of educational attainment. Fewer than 15% of residents reported they had not graduated from high school.
A large proportion (56%) of residents, ages 16 and over, were employed. Thirty-nine percent (39%) were not in the labor force. Five percent (5%) were unemployed.
Nearly 18% of the population lived below the poverty level. Forty percent of residents (40%) had incomes less than twice the poverty level.
Sixty-four percent (64%) of households owned their property. Approximately 84% of owner-households moved into their property in 2010 or earlier, while 36% of renter-households lived at the same property since 2010 or earlier.
According to rural urban commuting area (RUCA) codes, 71% of residents lived in metropolitan areas. Fourteen percent of residents (14%) lived in micropolitan or large towns. Individuals living in small towns and rural areas constituted 15% of the population.
PATHS TO DISPARITY
|Rural Urban (RUCA)||Socioeconomic Status(Singh Index)|
|U.S. Rate - Rank||Cause of death||ICD–10||Rural Rate||p-value||Significant||More Deprived||p-value||Significant|
|All Causes of Deaths||ALL||Lower||0.052||No||Higher||<0.001||Yes|
|3||Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases||J40–J47||Higher||0.407||No||Higher||<0.001||Yes|
|9||Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis||K70,K73–K74||Lower||0.732||No||Higher||<0.001||Yes|
|10||Flu - Pneumonia||J09–J18||Lower||0.865||No||Higher||<0.001||Yes|
|-||Overdose||X40–X44, X60–X64, X85, Y10–Y14||Lower||0.009||Yes||Higher||<0.001||Yes|
*Singh Index= Area Deprivation Index (ADI) developed by Dr. Gopal Singh, representing socioeconomic status using 17 different census markers at the level of census tract. ADI was dichotomized into least-deprived to most-deprived areas based on median ADI value.
*Statistical analysis - Independent samples t-test
*P-Value significant at <0.05
|Disease||Eastern WA||Western WA||WA||United States|
|Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases||46.65*||37.85||39.82||41.6o|
|Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis||13.44*||10.37||11.02||10.80|
|Flu - Pneumonia||10.97||9.60||9.91||17.80|
In eastern Washington, nearly 18% of the population lived below the poverty level, while 12% lived below the poverty level in western Washingtonians. Additionally, individuals living in small towns and rural areas constituted 15% of the population in eastern Washington, while only 2% of the population of western Washington lived in small towns and rural areas. Future studies can assess how poverty, rurality, and access to care impact higher rates of mortality in eastern Washington.
- Age-adjusted adjusted mortality rates were computed using the standard population age distribution of the population of the United States for the year 2000
- Registered deaths for the state were obtained from the Washington State Department of Health, Center for Health Statistics for the years 2011-2015
- Deaths with residential address matching accuracy of 80% or above were included in the analyses